Official Name:

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE): 

The Federation is composed of Nine States (killil): Tigray, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region (SNNPR), Gambella and Harari Regional States; and two Chartered Cities - Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. The national regional states and the two city administrative councils are further divided into eight hundred woredas (districts) and around 15,000 kebeles (neighborhoods, the lowest level of elected administration).


Ethiopia is a multi-party federal democracy with legislative authority resting with the government headed by an executive prime minister and the elected House of Representatives (547 members) and the House of Federation (110 members). The Prime Minister is chosen by the party in power following multi-party democratic national and federal state elections which are held every five years. Parties can be registered at either the national or the federal state level. The President is elected by the members of the House of People's Representatives.

President:Dr. Mulatu Teshome

Prime Minister:Hailemariam Desalegn

Speaker of the House of People's Representatives:Abadula Gemeda

Cabinet (October 2016):

Demeke Mekonnen, as well as Dr. Debretsion Gebremichael, Minister of Information Communication Technology and Aster Mamo, Minister of Civil Service, as Deputy Prime Ministers; the latter two are in charge of separate clusters.

Below is the list of the ministers:


Cabinet (November 2016):   

  1. Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen
  2. Dr Workneh Gebeyehu – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  3. Siraj Fegessa – Minister of Defense
  4. Professor Yifru Berhane- Minister of Health
  5. Dr Debretsion Gebremichael –Minister of Communication and Information Technology
  6. Kassa Tekleberhan- Minister of Federal Affairs and Pastoral Area Development
  7. Dr Abreham Tekeste- Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation
  8. Ahmed Shide- Minister of Transport
  9. Dr Shiferaw Tekelemariam – Minister of Education
  10. Dr Bekele Gulado- Minister of Trade
  11. Ahmed Abitew –Minister of Industry
  12. Dr Eyasu Abrha- Minister of Farming and Natural resources
  13. Professor Fekadu Beyene- Minister of Livestock and Fishery 
  14. Tagese Chafo- Minister of Public Service and Human Resource Development
  15. Dr Ambachew Mekonnen- Minister of Urban Development and Housing
  16. Engineer Aisha Mohammed- Minister of Construction
  17. Motuma Mekassa- Minister of Mines Petroleum and Natural Resources
  18. Dr. Engineer Sileshi Bekele- Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity
  19. Dr Gemedo Dale- Minister of Environmental, Forest and Climate Change
  20. Dr Engineer Getahun Mekuria- Minister of Science and Technology
  21. Dr Girma Amente- Minister of Public Enterprise
  22. Abdulfetah Abdulah - Minister of Labor and Social Affairs
  23. Demitu Hambissa- Minister of Women's and Children's Affairs
  24. Ristu Yirdaw- Minister of Youth and Sports
  25. Dr Hirut Woldemariam- Minister of Culture and Tourism
  26. Getachew Ambaye- Attorney General
  27. Dr Negeri Lencho- Minister of Government Communication Affairs Office
  28. Kebede Chane- Minister of Ethiopian Revenues and Costumes Authority
  29. Dr Yinager Dese- Commissioner of National Planning Commission
  30. Asmelash Woldesilasie – Chief Government Whip

Capital City

Addis Ababa, one of the two chartered cities in the Federation, is the seat of the Federal Government and is also the capital of the Oromia Regional State. It is the largest city in the country with a population of 2.7 million at the 2007 census (estimated at 3.2 million in 2011). It lies on the central plateau at an altitude of 2300-2400 meters, and with an average temperature of around 160C.

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New Constitution

Elsewhere the EPRDF also achieved an almost clean sweep, with only one seat going to an independent. Overall, it won 499 of the 547 available parliamentary seats, and allied parties took another 46 seats. The opposition did just as badly in the regional state elections, with the EPRDF and parties allied to it winning all but one of the seats.

After 1991, the EPRDF redefined foreign as well as internal policies. The Foreign Policy and National Security Strategy [link here] identifies the major threats to the country and to its survival: economic backwardness, widespread poverty, the need for democracy and good governance together with the establishment of a democratic structure and democratic government at all levels. This in turn requires a commitment to peace and security, internally and regionally. In this Ethiopia has been largely successful in achieving good relations with its neighbors, with the exception of Eritrea. In 1991, by agreement with the EPRDF, whose ally it had been in the fight against the military dictatorship, the EPLF took power in Eritrea and the region became de facto independent. In April 1993 a referendum was held in Eritrea and among Eritreans elsewhere, including Ethiopia, on taking independence or remaining part of Ethiopia. The issue of continued association through a federation or confederation was dropped from the referendum paper despite an earlier agreement to include this as an option. An overwhelming majority voted for independence which was formalized in May 1993, though an estimated 400,000 Eritreans living elsewhere in Ethiopia chose not to participate in the vote. Relations between the new state and Ethiopia appeared close for the first few years though Ethiopia was concerned by the aggression Eritrea showed towards Sudan, Yemen and Djibouti in the mid 1990s in an apparent attempt to formalize its borders and establish a role as the major player in the region. This process culminated in May 1998 when Eritrea precipitated a shooting incident inside Tigrai regional state in northern Ethiopia and immediately invaded with two brigades to seize control of a small town, Badme, inside Ethiopia, claiming it as part of Eritrea.

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