Ethiopia is a multi-party federal democracy with legislative authority resting with the government headed by an executive prime minister and the elected House of Representatives (547 members) and the House of Federation (110 members). The Prime Minister is chosen by the party in power following multi-party democratic national and federal state elections which are held every five years. Parties can be registered at either the national or the federal state level. The President is elected by the members of the House of People's Representatives.
President:Dr. Mulatu Teshome
Prime Minister:Dr. Abiy Ahmed
Speaker of the House of People's Representatives:Muferiat Kamil
Cabinet (October 2016):
- Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen
- Dr Workneh Gebeyehu – Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Motuma Mekasa – Minister of Defense
- Dr. Amir Aman - Minister of Health
- Uba Mohammed –Minister of Communication and Information Technology
- Kebede Chane- Minister of Federal Affairs and Pastoral Area Development
- Dr Abreham Tekeste- Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation
- Siraj Fegessa- Minister of Transport
- Dr. Tilaye Gete – Minister of Education
- Ato Melaku Alebel - Minister of Trade
- Dr Ambachew Mekonnen –Minister of Industry
- Ato Shiferaw Shigute, Minister of Agriculture & Livestock Resources
- Tagese Chafo- Minister of Public Service and Human Resource Development
- Ato Janterar Abay - Minister of Urban Development and Housing
- Engineer Aisha Mohammed- Minister of Construction
- Ato Meles Alemu - Minister of Mines Petroleum and Natural Resources
- Dr. Engineer Sileshi Bekele- Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity
- Dr Gemedo Dale- Minister of Environmental, Forest and Climate Change
- Dr Engineer Getahun Mekuria- Minister of Science and Technology
- Amb. Teshome Toga- Minister of Public Enterprise
- Dr Hirut Woldemariam - Minister of Labor and Social Affairs
- W/ro Yealem Tsegaye- Minister of Women's and Children's Affairs
- Ristu Yirdaw- Minister of Youth and Sports
- W/ro Fozia Amin - Minister of Culture and Tourism
- Ato Berhanu Tsegaye - Attorney General
- Ahmed Shide - Minister of Government Communication Affairs Office
- Omar Hussein- Minister of Ethiopian Revenues and Costumes Authority
- Dr Yinager Dese- Commissioner of National Planning Commission
- Asmelash Woldesilasie – Chief Government Whip
Currency and Currency Regulations
Currency and Currency Regulations
The local currency is the Ethiopian birr, made up of 100 cents. Notes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, and 100 birr. There are six different coins: 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, and 1 birr.
The exchange rate as of 30th June 2014:
1 USD = 19.9733 ETB
1 GBP = 34.0445 ETB
1 Euro = 27.2756ETB
1 Renminbi – 0.0000ETB
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency that can be imported into Ethiopia, but it must be declared on arrival, using a currency declaration form. Foreign currency may be changed only at authorized banks and hotels .The currency declaration form will be required by Customs on departure. Visitors may change back any excess birr into foreign currency at the air port before departure, but they are expected to produce receipts for all exchange transactions.
These can be used in some of the larger hotels in Addis Ababa, and major credit cards can be used for flights by Ethiopian Airlines. A number of banks and hotels have ATM machines available and Visa cards can be used at some banks. The US dollar is the best foreign currency to bring into Ethiopia and it can be exchanged at banks and foreign exchange bureaus.
Drivers require a valid International Driving License, which can be obtained by exchanging your own local license at the Transport and Communications office on Haile Gebreselassie Road in Addis Ababa. Visitors can recover their original driving licenses a day or so prior to departure. Those with their own vehicles require a permit from the Ministry of Transport and Communication. Driving is on the right hand side of the road.
Ethiopia uses a 220 Volt and 50 Hz. System. It is sensible to bring a round, two-prong adapter and transformer if necessary.
All visitors (including infants) are required to possess a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate if you have recently travelled to a country where it is present. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or been in transit through a cholera-infected area within six days prior to arrival to Ethiopia. Malaria is endemic in areas of Ethiopia below 2000 meters, and both chloroquine–resistant and falciparum strains are present.
Medical ServicesMedical facilities are available in all major towns but facilities are often over-taxed. Tourists and non-citizen residents should go to private hospitals and clinics. Contact your Embassy for referral to recommended doctors. Air rescue services are available.
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