Government

Ethiopia is a multi-party federal democracy with legislative authority resting with the government headed by an executive prime minister and the elected House of Representatives (547 members) and the House of Federation (110 members). The Prime Minister is chosen by the party in power following multi-party democratic national and federal state elections which are held every five years. Parties can be registered at either the national or the federal state level. The President is elected by the members of the House of People's Representatives.

President:Dr. Mulatu Teshome

Prime Minister:Dr. Abiy Ahmed

Speaker of the House of People's Representatives:Muferiat Kamil

Cabinet (April  2018):   

  1. Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen
  2. Dr Workneh Gebeyehu – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  3. Motuma Mekassa – Minister of Defense
  4. Dr. Amir Aman- Minister of Health
  5. Uba Mohammed –Minister of Communication and Information Technology
  6. Kebede Chane- Minister of Federal Affairs and Pastoral Area Development
  7. Dr Abreham Tekeste- Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation
  8. Siraj Fegessa - Minister of Transport
  9. Dr. Tilaye Gete – Minister of Education 
  10. Melaku Alebel - Minister of Trade
  11. Dr. Ambachew Mekonnen –Minister of Industry
  12. Shiferaw Shigute- Minister of Agriculture and Livestock
  13. Tagese Chafo- Minister of Public Service and Human Resource Development
  14. Jantrar Abay- Minister of Urban Development and Housing
  15. Engineer Aisha Mohammed- Minister of Construction
  16. Motuma Mekassa- Minister of Mines Petroleum and Natural Resources
  17. Dr. Engineer Sileshi Bekele- Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity
  18. Dr Gemedo Dale- Minister of Environmental, Forest and Climate Change
  19. Dr Engineer Getahun Mekuria- Minister of Science and Technology
  20. Amb. Teshome Toga - Minister of Public Enterprise
  21. Dr Hirut Woldemariam - Minister of Labor and Social Affairs
  22. Yalem Tsegaye - Minister of Women's and Children's Affairs
  23. Ristu Yirdaw- Minister of Youth and Sports
  24. Fozia Amin- Minister of Culture and Tourism
  25. Berhanu Tsegaye - Attorney General
  26. Ahmed Shide - Minister of Government Communication Affairs Office
  27. Umer Hussen- Minister of Ethiopian Revenues and Costumes Authority 
  28. Dr Yinager Dese- Commissioner of National Planning Commission
  29. Asmelash Woldesilasie – Chief Government Whip

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Calendar and time

Calendar and time

Ethiopia uses its own calendar which divides the year into 12 months of 30 days each, with the remaining five (or six days in a leap year) constituting a short 13th month of Pagme.  The Ethiopian New Year commences on the 11th or 12th of September in the Gregorian calendar.

There is a 7 or 8 year difference from the Gregorian calendar, seven years from September to January 1, and eight years from January 1 until September 10/11. The current Ethiopian year is 2004, running from September 12, 2011 to September 10, 2012. Meskerem 1, New Year's Day 2005, will fall on September 11th 2012. 

 Ethiopian month    

 Gregorian month    

 Gregorian dates 2011-2012

 Meskerem

 September                           

September 11 - October 10

 Tekemt                

 October                

October 11 – November 9

 Hedar

  November                          

November 10 – December 9

 Tahsas

 December

December 10 – January 8

 Tir

  January                              

January 9 – February 7

 Yekatit

  February                             

February 8 - March 9

 Megabit

 March                                  

March 10 – April 9

 Miyazya

   April                                   

April 10 -  May 8

 Ginbot

 May                                     

May 9– June 7

 Sene

  June                                     

June 8 – July 7

 Hamle

  July                                      

July 8 – August 6

 Nehase

   August                               

August 7 – September 5

Ethiopia is in the GMT +3 time zone. Business hours vary according to the nature of the business. Normally government offices and most other office hours are from 8:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. from Monday through Thursday. Working hours on Friday are 8:30am to 11:30am and 1:30pm to 5:30pm.

Banks are open from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. from Monday through Thursday. Working hours on Friday are 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. to 3: 00 p.m. and Saturday 8:30 to 11a.m.

 Ethiopians also use a 12-hour clock, with one cycle of 1 to 12 running from dawn (6am) to dusk (6pm) and the other cycle from dusk to dawn. The start of the day is dawn, rather than midnight. Thus, 7:00 AM in East Africa Time (EAT) corresponds to 1:00 daylight in local Ethiopian time; 12:00 noon EAT is 6:00 daylight hours; and 6:00 pm EAT is 12:00 local time.