Ethiopia- Russian Federation relations




SHORT BRIEF ON ETHIO-RUSSIA RELATION

Diplomatic relations of Ethiopia and Russia

Ø Ethiopia and Russia have longstanding historical relations that go back to the period of a Russian Czar Machilovich (Father of Peter the Great) in the 17th century. Russia formally established its Legation in Ethiopia in 1898. The diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Russia were upgraded to an Embassy level when both countries opened their respective Embassies in Addis Ababa and Moscow in 1956. Although relations between Ethiopia and

Ø During the Soviet Union period relations have expanded further with more than 24,000 students graduating from Russian Universities. Cooperation in the field of education is still important in the relations between our two countries.

Ø The military sector is also another pillar in the relation between the two countries. The Russian Federation has canceled more than 4 billion debt inherited from the former Soviet Union.

BILATERAL COOPERATIONS

1.     Education

Ø Russia`s contribution to educational development in Ethiopia is remarkable. More than 13,000 Ethiopians have studied in the former Soviet Union and today`s Russia. Many Ethiopian higher

officials are working in Ethiopia after completing their higher-level education in the former Soviet Union and current Russia.

Ø For the last several years the Russian side has been providing scholarships in both Masters and Ph.D. programs. In this year,2018/19, 31 students are pursuing their studies in Russia. 

2.   MINERAL

Ø Currently only one company named GASPROMBANK Global Resources is engaged in the exploration of potash in Ethiopia.

Ø Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) dated 10 March 2010 between the Geological Survey of Ethiopia. (GSE) and the Zarubezhgeologia (JSC) of the Russian Federation, the Uranium Assessment The project was implemented involving one Russian uranium exploration expert and the Ethiopian counterparts. Accordingly, pre-field, field, and post-field works were conducted in different parts of the country between 22 November 2010 and 1 May 2011 and submitted a preliminary report to the Geological Survey of Ethiopia.

3.   NUCLEAR ENERGY

Ø The cooperation on nuclear energy between the two countries was started by signing MOU in 2017.

Ø In this connection, the corresponding higher officials of ROSATOM of Russia and the Ministry of Innovation and Technology of Ethiopia (MoIT) signed an agreement on the cooperation of building nuclear plant for peaceful use in Sochi/Russia during the Russia Africa summit, on October 23/2019.

4.   TRANSPORT

Ø The existing Bilateral Air Service Agreement between Ethiopia and Russia dates back to March 26, 1977.

Ø Ethiopian Airlines reopens the Moscow route after 27 years on December 18/2018.  The route aims to connect Moscow with sixty African cities to facilitate trade, investment, and tourism. Ethiopian is deploying 787 Dreamliner jets for its three times weekly flight to Moscow.

Exchange of Official Visits

Ø On December 3, 2001, H.E. AtoMelesZenawi, the late prime minister of Ethiopia visited the Russian Federation and met with his counterpart H.E President Putin.

Ø The late foreign Minister Dr. TedrosAdhanom visited Russia in April 2016 and held discussions with H.E. Sergey Lavrov.

Ø On 26-27June 2017, H.E. Dr. WorknehGebeyehu visited Moscow and met with his Russian counterpart.

Ø In December 2016, H.E.Mrs. HirutZemene paid a working visit to Moscow and exchanged views with her counterparts.

Ø H.E. Mr. Sergey Lavrov had paid Visits to Ethiopia in March 2014 and 2018 at two different times.

Ø H.E. Mr.GeduAndargachew, Foreign Minister of FDRE, was invited by his counterpart, H.E. Mr. Sergey Lavrov, and visited Moscow/Russia on September 10/2019.

Ø H.E Prime Minister of FDRE, Dr. Abiy Ahmed, participated in the first Russia-Africa Summit which was held in October 2019 in Sochi/Russia and met with his counterpart H.E. President Vladimir Putin.



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