Ethio-Poland Relations

·  The establishment of diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Poland dates back to 1947. Consequently, their level of diplomatic contact was elevated to an Embassy status in 1965 with the opening of the Polish Embassy in Addis Ababa. The Polish Embassy in Addis Ababa was closed in 1992 when the country was in a political turmoil following the end of the cold war. The Embassy then has been reopened in 2002.

·        Ethiopian Embassy in Berlin is covering Poland since June 18, 2003.

·        The first Honorary Consul of Ethiopia to Poland was appointed on April 4, 2009, with its office in Gdansk City, Poland.

Bilateral Visit

  From the Poland side:- 

·        Polish President Andrzej Duda visited Ethiopia on  May 7,2017 

From the Ethiopian side:- 

·        President Dr. Mulatu Teshome made a state visit to The Republic of Poland in 2018), at the invitation of the President of the Republic of Poland, President Andrzej Duda. 

·        H.E. former Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn who participated in the 19th Climate Change Conference /COP 19/ held in Warsaw (2013) conducted fruitful discussions with his Polish counterpart, H.E. Donald Tusk, the current President of the EU Council, on how to further strengthen bilateral ties between the two countries. During these discussions, both sides expressed their keen interest to revitalize their relations.

 ·     On October 7, 2019, the third round of bilateral political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Poland was held in Warsaw.  Ambassador Mahlet Hailu, Permanent Secretary of Europe, America, Asia and Multilateral Affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs led the Ethiopian delegation, while the Polish delegation was led by H.E. Dr. Maciej Lang,Undersecretary of State for Security, Asia, the Americas, Africa, and the Middle East Policy in the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Economic Relation

Before the Second World War trade relations between Ethiopia and Poland were negligible. Poland exported sugar and some textiles and imported small amount of leather and fur.

The crucial breakthrough happened in 1960 when the Office of Polish Commercial Counselor was opened in Addis Ababa. Since then, export of Polish commodities rose substantially. In addition to the diplomatic agencies, also the Ministry of Foreign Trade was interested in cooperation with Ethiopia. In mid 1960s, Poland sent to the Ethiopian market goods such as, tools, cotton and woolen textiles, enamel pots, paper, ready-made clothes, cement and candies. At the same time, negotiations on building a weaving plant were underway. Thus, both countries started to ponder on broadening the scope of possible cooperation. As the Ethiopian government pursued a liberal trade policy, there were no restrictions on exports and no requirements to balance export against imports. A Polish company named Ursus is jointly operating in Ethiopia with METEC in agricultural mechanization. The company has signed 50 million USD loan contracts which enable it to assemble 3000 tractors at the Adama Tractor Assembly plant.  Another Polish company named ASSECO has also signed an agreement of 10 million USD with the Ethiopian Information Network Security Agency (INSA) to support the Modern Energy Market with Information Communication Technology.

Institutional Framework

·    MoU of political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries was signed in 2013 during the official visit of the Polish Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, to Ethiopia.

·   Trade agreement was signed between the two countries on the 26th of December 1977. According to 2015 figure, trade volume between the two countries accounts only for 36,017,515 dollars. Moreover, the balance of trade is in favor of Poland.

People to People relations

Ethiopia attracted Polish scholars since the beginning of the 20th century. The pioneer was Izaak Wajnberg, the author of numerous and excellent works on Geez literature. Comprehensive studies on Ethiopia, however, were launched only in the second half of the previous century. The linchpin of Ethiopian studies in Poland is the Department of African Languages and Cultures at Warsaw University. The department, established in 1962 by an illustrious Semitist and Ethiopian Stefan Strelcyn runs a comprehensive program involving Amharic and Geez languages and literature as well as Ethiopian history and ethnography.  Its graduates and then staff members include a few distinguished scholars, e.g. Witold Kazimierz Brzuski, Aleksander Ferenc, Rev. Stanislaw Kur, Joanna Mantel-Niecko.

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