Ethio-Germany Relations

Ethiopia and Germany have more than 100 years of bilateral diplomatic relations. They have regular bilateral political consultations at their foreign ministries level. The previous sessions have helped enhance the strategic relationship between the two countries mainly focusing on promoting and enhancing economic cooperation, finding solutions for regional peace and security impediments in the Horn of Africa. Thus, Ethiopia has become one of Germany’s economic cooperation priorities in Africa.  

Germany is one of the largest importers of Ethiopian goods, primarily coffee and textiles, and until 2014 it was traditionally the biggest buyer of Ethiopian coffee, taking more than 30 present of the country’s total coffee exports. The main German exports to Ethiopia are finished products such as machinery, engines, motor vehicles, chemicals, and medicines. German companies have recently begun to invest in Ethiopia, especially in the flower growing and the leather processing industries. Since 2016, heavy vehicle manufacturer MAN has been selling dissembled HGV components to a customer in Ethiopia and is assisting with training and assembly. In 2017, Siemens opened its East Africa headquarters in Addis Ababa. Ethiopian Airlines and DHL (minority share) set up a joint venture in 2018. Volkswagen signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ethiopian Investment Commission in late January 2019.

Economic Relation

-       German investors have expressed a desire to engage in various sectors in Ethiopia.

-       20 Companies are at operational Level, 12 Companies are in the Implementation stage and 9-in Pre-implementation level.

-       In 2017 the value of Ethiopian export to Germany was close to 195,084,746.33 million dollars, while Ethiopia imported goods worth 232,167,643.69   million dollars from Germany during the same period.

Development Cooperation

-       A Summary Record of the Negotiations on Development Cooperation between the Government of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany has been signed on September  2014

·        Bilaterally signed more than 85 Agreements, Minutes MOUS and Exchange of Notes in the field of Trade and Investment, Culture as well as educational and scientific co-operation.

·        Since June 24/2019 they have Joint Ministerial Council.

Bilateral Visit

   From the German side:- 

§  Former German Federal President, H.E. Mr. Roman Herzog (1996)

§  Former Chancellor, Gerhard Shroeder ( 2004) 

§  Former German Federal President,  Horst Kohler (2004)

§  Incumbent German Federal President, H.E. Dr. Frank-Water Steienmeier (2018)

§  Incumbent Chancellor, H.E. Dr. Angela Merkel ( 2007and 2016)

§  Parliamentary Delegation ( 2011)

§  Incumbent Federal President, H.E. Dr. Joachim Gauck (2013).

§  Federal Minister for Agriculture and Consumer Protection (2013)

§  Foreign Minister, H.E Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier ( 2019)

§  Parliamentary Undersecretary, H.E. Thomas Sibelhorn (2014)

§  German Parliament Group (Bundestag) East African group (2016)

   From the Ethiopian side:- 

§  Late Prime Minister, H.E. Ato. Meles Zenawi. ( 2002)

§  Late Prime Minister, H.E.  Ato. Meles  Zenawi. ( 2004)

§  Late Prime Minister, H.E. Meles Zenawi for the G-7 meeting(2007)

§  Late Former President, H.E. Ato.  Girma Wolde Giorgis. ( 2008)

§  Prime Minister, H.E. Ato Hailemariam Dessalegn. (2014)

§  Prime Minister H.E. Dr. Abiy Ahmed, (2018)

 People to People relations

§  Good people-to-people relation sister cities (Addis Ababa - Leipzig (ላይፕዚግ/), Alem Ketema-Vaterstetten,(ፋተርሽቴትን), Gotta-Adwa and Witten-Mekele  )

§  University cooperation and joint research schemes on sustainable land management, biosphere conservation, agriculture

Multilateral relations

§  German support to Ethiopia is channeled through multilateral organizations like the European Union, United Nations, World Bank, and International Monetary Fund. 

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