A Week in the Horn 20.05.2022

Download as Pdf

News in Brief

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen addresses Parliament Part 1/2

Ethiopia eyes greater ties with the new Somalia Gov’t

Priorities for implementing Ethiopia’s national dialogue (Excerpts from Chatham House Africa Programme online Panel) Part 2/2

AU holds 14th Specialized Technical Committee on Defense, Safety and Security Meeting of Defense Ministers

Africa and the African Union

The Chairperson of the African Union
Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, congratulates the newly elected
President of Somalia, Hassen Sheik Mohammed on his historic election on
Monday (May 16). The Chairperson commends the outgoing President,
Mohamed Abdullahi ‘Farmajo’ for demonstrating strong leadership and
statesmanship through his gracious acceptance of the election outcome.
In addition, the Chairperson commends all the people of Somalia
including members of the Parliament for their high display of patriotism
through the orderly conduct of the election, while recognizing the
crucial role played by the Somali Security Forces and the AU Transition
Mission in Somalia (ATMIS) to guarantee security for the entire election

The 9th ‘Afri-cities Forum’ was held in
Kisumu City of Kenya 17-21 May 2022, with the theme “The Role of
Intermediary Cities in the Implementation of Agenda 2030 of the United
Nations and Agenda 2063 of the African Union”. African Union Commission
Chairperson Moussa Faki Mohamat attended the event, underlined the
significance of the Forum and emphasized, “Africa, like the rest of the
world, has committed itself to the implementation of the United Nations
Agenda and the New Urban Agenda. The Continent’s Agenda outlines not
only our Aspirations for the future but also identifies key flagship
Programmes which can boost Africa’s economic growth and development and
lead to the rapid transformation of the continent, he said.

The African Union will host two
extraordinary Summits in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, 25-28, 2022, the
coming week. The first one on Humanitarian and Pledges on 27th May and
Terrorism and the other on an Unconstitutional Changes on 28th May.

week, the Meeting of the Ministers of Defence of the 14th Specialized
Technical Committee on Defense, Safety and Security (STCDSS) took place
at the African Union Head Quarters, Addis Ababa on May 12, 2022. (See article)

IGAD’s press release after the Ministerial meeting on the current
drought estimates that 8.1 million people are food insecure in Ethiopia,
3.5 million in Kenya, 7.7 million in Somalia, 8.9 million in South
Sudan, 10.6 million in Sudan, & 1.6 million in Uganda.


President Sahle-Work Zewde, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia warmly congratulate former
President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud on his re-election last Sunday (May 15)
as President of the Federal Republic of Somalia. The messages
underscored that Ethiopia looks forward to working with President Hassan
Sheikh Mohamud and his administration in the spirit of the longstanding
and friendly relationship between Ethiopia and Somalia. President-elect
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud later responded to the goodwill wishes of Prime
Minister Abiy on Twitter saying, “I certainly look forward to working
with you on enhancing our bilateral and diplomatic relations.”

President Sahle-Work Zewde held talks with the European Union Human
Rights Special Representative Eamon Gilmore on Friday (May 20). Their
discussion focused on the human rights situation and accountability,
access to humanitarian operation, issues related gender based violence
and the forthcoming National Dialogue. Eamon Gilmore has so far
discussed with Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister Demeke
Mekonnen and other Ethiopian high officials. He briefed the media that
the European Union is set to ponder suspended financial support for
development activities in Ethiopia.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed expressed condolences to the  government
and people of the UAE on the passing of President Sheikh Khalifa bin
Zayed Al Nahyan and later congratulate the newly elected President His
Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, extending sincere wishes
for progress and prosperity of the UAE under the wise leadership of His

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia,  Demeke
Mekonnen, presented the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ nine-month
performance report for the Ethiopian Parliament on Tuesday (May 17). The
report ranges from institutional level reforms and Ethiopian Diaspora
engagement to efforts of the Ministry in protecting interests at
regional and multilateral levels. (See article Part ½)

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister  Demeke Mekonnen had a
meeting on Wednesday (May 18) with Eamon Gilmore, EU Special
Representative for Human Rights. The discussion between the two sides
covered accountability measures for human rights abuses, accessibility
to humanitarian supply, and steps taken to ensure enduring peace in
Ethiopia. In this regard, the Deputy Prime Minister mentioned the
encouraging peace-building measures of the government, including the
declaration of the Unilateral Humanitarian Ceasefire, the indefinite
Humanitarian Truce, the release of political figures from prison, and
the establishment of the national dialogue Commission. Unfortunately, he
said the laudable peace initiatives of the federal government of
Ethiopia could not be met with equal commitment and determination from
the TPLF side.

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen met and
discussed on Friday (May 14) with Dr. Annette Weber, EU Special
Representative for the Horn of Africa. The Deputy Prime Minister and
Foreign Minister spoke about the humanitarian supply to
conflict-affected people in the northern part of the country and other
regional matters. He briefed the EU special representative about the
accelerated unfettered humanitarian access created for partners,
including the WFP following the declaration of the humanitarian truce.

Chatham House Africa Programme on Wednesday (May 11) hosted an online
discussion inviting experts to discuss challenges and priorities in
shaping an inclusive and effective national dialogue in Ethiopia. (See article) Part2/2

Ethiopia participated from 16-20 May in the International Migration
Review Forum convened under the auspices the General Assembly of the
United Nations which aims at assessing the progress of the
implementation of the Global Compact for Safe Orderly and Regular
Migration. Ethiopia, is represented by the State Minister of the
Ministry of Justice, H. E. Alemanteh Agidew who shared the experience of
Ethiopia, particularly on measures taken by the Government to address
the challenges surrounding migrants and expedite the implementation of
the Global Compact.

Ethiopia’s Refugees and Returnees Service and UNHCR Ethiopia briefed
on Wednesday (May 18) Addis based ambassadors and heads of mission on
Ethiopia’s protection to refugees. The largest and highest level
gathering, co-hosted by the US and EU Ambassadors in Ethiopia, attracted
more than 20 ambassadors and mission heads. Director General of
Refugees and Returnees Service, Tesfahun Gobezay said that Ethiopia has
been exerting continuous efforts to protect refugees and receive new
asylum seekers over the last three years in spite of difficulties posed
by the COVID-19 pandemic, drought and the conflict in the North. UNHCR
Representative in Ethiopia Mamadou Dian Balde praised the GoE for
upholding its commitments to protect refugees and called on actors to
continue their commitment in terms of financial and technical support.

The Ethiopian Embassy in Beijing in collaboration with China
International Contractors Association (CHINCA) organized a virtual Forum
promoting Ethiopia’s transport logistics and investment infrastructure
opportunities to Chinese investors and enterprises where more than 900
participants, including Dagmawit Moges – Minister of Transport and
Logistics,  Melaku Alebel – Minister of Industry, and Mrs. Lelise Neme –
Ethiopian Investment Commission Commissioner attended. The forum aimed
at creating a platform for exchanging views on the policies, priorities,
modalities and benefits of investing in the Ethiopian infrastructure
sector, which is one of the priorities of the government, as it was
unveiled through the country’s Homegrown Economic Reform Program and the
10-Year Development Plan, derived from the new reform agenda of the

A delegation led by State Minister for the Ministry of Labor and
Skill, Nigusu Tilahun arrived in Kuwait on Monday (May 18). The
delegation aimed to finalize the labor exchange agreement between
Ethiopia and Kuwait. The agreement will help thousands of Ethiopians get
employment opportunities in Kuwait.


The national council of Eritrean Americans (NCEA) released a
statement that strongly condemns California’s 30th congressional
district Representative Brad Sherman’s unfounded accusations and smear
campaign against Eritrea (May 19). The statement, among others, said his
misrepresentation and distortion of facts unfolding in Ethiopia and the
Greater Horn of Africa is deplorable. “He has repeatedly been calling
for US military intervention in the Horn of Africa on behalf of the
Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), a group declared terrorist by
the Ethiopian parliament.”

Eritrea celebrates its 31st National Day on Wednesday (May 18).
Eritrea’s Information Minister, Yemane G/Meskel announced “31st
Independence Anniversary will be celebrated under the theme:
“Independent Choice: Backbone of Our Pride”. President Recep Tayyip
Erdogan of Turkey, President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, President
Zoran Milanovic of the Republic of Croatia as well Crown Prince Mishal
Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of the State of Kuwait sent messages of
congratulations in connection with the 31st Independence Day


Kenya’s foreign affairs secretary on Wednesday (May 18) expressed
concerns that increased food insecurity could escalate conflict in
Africa, alarmed at the United Nations Ministerial meeting in New York.
In the meeting, Kenya’s Foreign Office Secretary, Raychelle Omamo,
stressed “The food crisis in Africa may lead to direct reversals in
development, political instability, and the escalation of conflicts at
all levels”. The session was chaired by the U.S.

Save the Children and Oxfam launched a report on Wednesday (May 18)
showing that one person is likely to die from hunger every 48 seconds in
drought-ravaged Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. The report ‘Dangerous
delay 2’: the cost of in action’, shows that the world has again failed
to heed the warnings.


Somalia’s former leader Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was elected president
on Sunday (May 15). Mr Mohamud received 214 votes. The outgoing
president, Mohamed Abudallahi Farmajo has been in office since 2017.

Last week, former leader Hassan Sheikh Mohamud won the Presidential
race becoming the 10th President of the Federal Republic of Somalia. The
leadership of various countries, International and regional agencies
lauded the country for concluding the election in a democratic and
peaceful manner. The Ethiopian government has sent a message of
congratulations to the people of Somalia for electing the government
they want. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed expressed that he looks forward to
working with the new president on common bilateral and regional
interests. (See article)

The Ambassador of Ethiopia to Somalia Abdulfatah Abdullahi Hassan had
a meeting on Wednesday (May18) with President of Somalia, Hassan Sheikh
Mohamud. Ambassador Abdulfatah has delivered the goodwill messages of
President Sahle-Work Zewde and Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to the new
President. The two sides also noted the need to further scale up the
friendly diplomatic and people-to-people relations between Ethiopia and

The Biden administration ordered on Monday (May 16) the redeployment
of 450 US soldiers to Somalia at the request of the Pentagon. Government
officials state the decision is aimed at countering the advances of the
Islamist group al-Shabab. The mission is not considered a combat
deployment, but “an advise and assist and training mission,” said Army
Lt. Col. Patrick Husted, a spokesman for U.S. Africa Command.

In related news, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the newly elected Somalia
President has welcomed the decision by the United States to redeploy
troops to Somalia. In a Twitter post on Tuesday (May 17) Mohamud’s
office said that the president thanked and appreciated his U.S.
counterpart Joe Biden for authorizing the deployment of American troops
to Somalia.

The International Monetary Fund has agreed to extend the duration of a
crucial aid package to Somalia, a senior official said, following a
long-overdue presidential election last weekend. The three-year
$400-million (380-million-euro) aid package from the IMF had been set to
automatically expire on May 17 if a new administration was not in place
by then, with multiple election delays adding to the heavily indebted
country’s turmoil. But last week the IMF Executive Board accepted the
Somali government’s request for a three-month extension until August 17,
giving newly-elected President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud’s government time
to examine and endorse planned refor

President of UAE Sheikh Mohamed ordered on Thursday (May 17) that
Dh35 millions of humanitarian aid be sent to Somalia to support its
development and alleviate extreme poverty. The aid confirms the UAE’s
keenness to help friendly countries and its efforts to develop its
bilateral relations with Somalia. Somalia, which on Monday re-elected
President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, is suffering its worst drought in
decades. The UN says about 6.1 million people – about 40 per cent of the
population – have been affected and 760,000 people have fled their

The African Union Transition Mission in Somalia (ATMIS), alongside
the Somali national army (SNA), recaptured a strategic town on Tuesday
(May 17) in southern Somalia. Burundian peacekeepers serving under the
AU mission, backed by Somali soldiers, retook El-Baraf in the Middle
Shabelle province, according to Mayor Abdullahi Haji. It comes 14 days
after al-Qaeda-affiliated terror group, al-Shabab, attacked an AU
military base in the town that killed dozens of Burundian troops.

South Sudan

President Salva Kiir said the newly-constructed Freedom Bridge,
funded by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), will enhance
growth and boost regional integration. He was speaking during Thursday’s
(May 19) inauguration of the $91 million project. Kenyan High
Representative for Infrastructure Development in Africa, Raila Odinga
and the Japanese Ambassador to South Sudan, Naohiro Tsutsumi, attended
the event among other dignitaries.

President Muhammadu Buhari received President of South Sudan Salva
Kiir Mayardit Special Envoy, Hon Albino Matham Ayuel, South Sudan
Ambassador to Nigeria, Paul Molong Akoro during an audience with the
Special Envoy at the State House Abuja on Friday (May 13).

A delegation led by Ambassador Joram Biswaro, Head of African Union
Mission to South Sudan (AUMISS), was received by 1st Vice President, Dr.
Riek Machar. They discussed the recent visit of the African and
international diplomatic community to Unity State following the recent
strife in that state. They also discussed the upcoming AU C5 visit to
South Sudan, the upcoming AU Extraordinary Summit in Equatorial Guinea
and exchanged views on the progress of implementation of the 2018 South
Sudan Peace Agreement.


Ali al-Sadiq acting Sudanese Foreign Minister said on Thursday (May
19) that his government is not targeting the UNITAMS head, but rather
calls on the United Nations to implement the mandate given to the
political mission, and make the transitional period a success. During
the press conference, the minister said his government’s criticism of
the UNITAMS’s performance came after extensive considerations and
consultations over its mandate and what it has already implemented,
referring to reports in this respect submitted to former Prime Minister
Abdullah Hamdok. “Criticism of UNITAMS’s performance is not intended to
criticize a particular person, as some might think,” he said.


Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen addresses Parliament Part 1/2

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, Demeke
Mekonnen, presented the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ nine-month
performance report of the current fiscal year for the House of Peoples
Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia on Tuesday
(May 17). The report ranges from institutional level reforms, internal
and external factors affecting the diplomatic works of the country and
Ethiopian Diaspora engagement in supporting efforts of the Ministry in
protecting interests at regional and multilateral levels.

He said the Ministry successfully implemented its institutional
reform agenda that introduced new ways of doing diplomacy fitting
contemporary diplomatic works. Various changes were introduced during
the reform process, mainly to assign the right person to the right job
and by considering geopolitical interests in maintaining missions
abroad, he added. 

The country’s foreign policy gives a deserved attention to the peace
and development of its neighbours with a strong inclination for economic
interdependence and cooperation for common security issues, he said. In
this regard, he said Ethiopia is working with Eritrea to advance common
interests, particularly in the economic arena. Regarding Djibouti, he
said the country is crucial to building Ethiopia’s economy since much of
the export and import trade involves the ports on Djibouti. The Deputy
Prime Minister and Foreign Minister also mentioned the strong
cooperation between Ethiopia and its neighbours-South Sudan, Kenya and
Somalia-in economic and security sectors. He also mentioned the border
conflict with Sudan that occurred due to Sudan’s invasion of Ethiopian
territories. The international community seems reluctant to condemn
Sudan for its aggressions, he added.

Aside from rendering regular mission services, the Ministry has
continued efforts to protect the rights of Ethiopians in the Diaspora,
he said. He thanked Ethiopians in the Diaspora and friends of Ethiopia
for their invaluable contribution to the rehabilitation and rebuilding
efforts and for unwaveringly fighting undue attempts to meddle in the
internal affairs of the country. He, in particular, mentioned the
significant contributions of Ethiopians, at home and in the Diaspora, in
the digital diplomacy arena that created measurable influence, further
stressing the need to scale up efforts in that regard. Demeke noted the
importance of engaging citizens from all walks of life to augment
Ethiopia’s diplomacy and called on all Ethiopians to contribute their
share to build the image of their country and curb threats to its

The Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister covered in his report
the encouraging performances of the Ministry in reading geopolitical
shifts and acting accordingly to safeguard Ethiopia’s long term
interests. Ethiopia’s diplomacy should be agile enough for the highly
volatile contemporary geopolitics and maintain the country’s good
standing in the African Union and other multilateral fora, he added.
Although the undue external pressures on the country seem to ease up
these days and Ethiopia starts to maintain its composure, we should not
be oblivious to existing tasks and threats that require our continued
engagement, he said.

The Deputy Prime Minister has responded to questions, comments, and suggestions forwarded by members of the Parliament.

We will cover the core points of the Deputy Prime Minister and
Foreign Minister’s presentation in detail in the second part of this
article next week


Ethiopia eyes greater ties with the new Somalia Gov’t

Last week, former leader Hassan Sheikh Mohamud won the Presidential
race becoming the 10th President of the Federal Republic of Somalia. The
leadership of various countries, International and regional agencies
lauded the country for concluding the election in a democratic and
peaceful manner. The Ethiopian government has sent a message of
congratulations to the people of Somalia for electing the government
they want. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed expressed that he looks forward to
working with the new president on common bilateral and regional

“The realization of political transition by conducting a peaceful
election with a civilized manner would make the people of Somalia
proud.  Such kind of achievement is very important not only for the
people of Somalia but also for the whole of Africa. Conducting a
political transition in a civilized based by holding election in Somalia
is a big issue” Foreign Affairs Spokesperson, Dina Mufti told Ethiopian
News Agency.

The recent relationship has centered on furthering the two countries’
economic and political cooperation as well as achieving peace and
stability in the East African region.

Terrorist and extremist militant groups have been increasingly active
in the Horn of Africa. Before its transition to a new mission, African
Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) stated that terrorism-related violence
has surged in Somalia.  It indicated that Al-Shabab has been primarily
responsible for the violence, which has included IEDs, mortar attacks,
ambushes, and targeted assassinations of senior government officials,
Somali security forces, and civilians.

But it is not only al-shabab in the picture but also what could be a
resurgent Islamic State, as credible reports indicate that the group
carried out two improvised explosive device attacks and detonated a
vehicle-borne improvised explosive device in November 2021 and January
2022, respectively.  The Islamic State emerging regional presence in
East Africa is characterized by a proliferation of funds, equipment, and
transfer of terrorist tactics.

This evolving and emerging forces demand more agile, swift, flexible
and quick reaction forces. That is why the African Union Transition
Mission in Somalia (ATMIS) was introduced last April, building on the
experiences and lessons of AMISOM.  ATMIS will be a full-fledged
multidimensional mission that will be able to support the development of
Somali Security Forces and state institutions by 31 December 2024, as
per the AU.  While transition is a difficult process, the African Union,
the Federal Government of Somalia, and Somalia’s international allies
are expected to be dedicated to the success of ATMIS in helping Somalia
achieve long-term peace and reconciliation, as well as significant
economic and social progress.

In the regard, Ethiopia’s support and assistance is of paramount
importance noting that it has a leading role in the peacekeeping mission
in the country. Ethiopia has been sacrificing its citizens along with
the 20,000-strong African Union forces in order to ensure peace in
Somalia. The government of Ethiopia has also reaffirmed it will
reinforce its commitment to support the new government of Somalia. “We
hope that the new government will play the paramount efforts to
realizing this,” Dina stressed.

It is important to stress, however, that the two countries’
relationship is not just about security. Ethiopia looks forward to
engage at a higher level with the new Somali leadership to increase
regional integration in terms of economy, trade, infrastructure network
to maximize mutual benefits.

This could be further strengthened with supply of energy, besides
infrastructure networking both in air and land.  Trade relation is also
another area of interest as the existing trade exchange between the two
is high. Closely working to augment the social relations of Ethiopia and
Somalia people is also in the best interest of the two governments.


Priorities for implementing Ethiopia’s national dialogue (Excerpts from Chatham House Africa Programme online Panel) Part 2/2

The vivid difference of opinions and differences among various
political and opinion leaders and also segments of society in Ethiopia
on the most fundamental national issues for centuries should be resolved
through broad-based inclusive public dialogue that produces national
consensus. Conducting inclusive national dialogues is therefore critical
to bolstering national consensus along the way, fostering a culture of
trust and collaboration, and mending the damage in order to restore
social values. This will have a good impact by ensuring that no one is
left behind in the society, as well as building a culture of peace,
democracy, and prosperity in the country while transforming the entire
thinking system, particularly the political culture.

To participate in that dialogue process, the ground must be cleared
with established national dialogue priorities. These are always a
pre-requisite and foundational effort for conducting a trustworthy,
inclusive national discourse. This is primarily designed to transform
fighting forces into producers and to foster a peaceful culture through
nonviolent means.

Rather than resorting to violence to advance political interests,
which is the vicious cycle that has been causing long-lasting
incoherence and instability in the country, coming to the table and
discussing it with transformational thinking will pacify the country.
Stopping the cycle of violence and embracing each other, looking forward
to transforming fighting forces into producing forces, is the anatomy
of this national dialogue!

There should be certain essential approaches that should be taken as a
cornerstone of this national discourse, which necessitates the ultimate
commitment from institutions working to fulfill the objectives of this
historical event. Among other things which must be taken into account,
inclusiveness will be the first cornerstone of national dialogue.
Assuring that the national dialogue is as inclusive as possible and that
no one is left out will be critical to both the processes and the
eventual outcome. To make this national dialogue as inclusive as
possible, an inclusive formula should be devised to address issues such
as identity, ethnicity, religion, geography, age, and so on. Having
broad ownership of the processes is a priority for making sure all the
participants are represented from all parts of the country.

The second pillar should be to ensure that the agenda for dialogue is
generated from different stakeholders or different constituents that
are identified by independent institutions, which are mandated to
facilitate the national dialogue and ensure that the agenda represents
the key underlining issues that each constituency needs to be addressed!

The third pillar is that the process must be owned at different
levels; at a grassroots community level and elite level, etc. The fourth
pillar is independence, or zero tolerance for interference, which is a
very important aspect of the national dialogue to get the public trust
and to make sure that this is not a process imposed by foreign powers
but rather its indigenous/Ethiopian initiatives to resolve the
countries’ long-lasting problems and issues.

The fifth pillar is the adaptive process, which is done by drawing
some sort of a framework for the national dialogue, making the process
more adaptive along the way! The six pillars will be the sensitivity to
the local dynamics and complexity of a country as diverse as Ethiopia,
being sensitive to the local dynamics and complexity by working with
regional community structures to make sure that the process takes into
account this complexity. The final pillar is drawing lessons from
indigenous and global practices. Even though such dialogue is not new to
Ethiopia and it is a cultural thing to have dialogues here and there,
learning from both the local and global practices of national dialogue
is fundamental!

In general, understanding that the national dialogue serves as a
unique space for deliberating those processes or steps that can lead the
country into positive societal transformation, assisting in the
development of strategies and policies to achieve the collective goals
that the dialogue will define!

However, it should be noted that in the face of ongoing conflicts,
maintaining inclusion and participation, broader ownership of the
initiative, as well as issues regarding how a country-wide process can
fit alongside local discussion initiatives and broader consultation and
peace-building efforts, pose difficult obstacles. Moreover, ensuring
that the dialogue’s findings are effectively implemented, its priorities
are carried out in a reasonable framework, and the process is linked to
constitutional bodies will be crucial to the entire national dialogue
process and subsequent achievements.


AU holds 14th Specialized Technical Committee on Defense, Safety and Security Meeting of Defense Ministers

Last week, the Meeting of the Ministers of Defence of the 14th
Specialized Technical Committee on Defense, Safety and Security (STCDSS)
took place at the African Union Head Quarters, Addis Ababa on May 12,
2022. Preceded by the 17th Ordinary meeting of the African Chiefs of
Defence Staff and Heads of Safety and Security Services which came up
with recommendations of the reports of the meeting of the experts and
presented its conclusions for consideration of the meetings of the
Ministers, the 14 STCDSS Meeting of Ministers was attended by Ministers
of Defence and Security, Chief of Staffs of Defence and Security,
Members of the Bureau of the STCDSS, Heads of Delegations and
Representatives from the RECs/RMs, Representatives of the AUC, among
others. The meeting kicked off with the AU anthem, a minute of silence
in honour of Africa Peacekeepers and victims of violence in Africa.

In his opening remarks, the Commissioner for Political Affairs,
Peace and Security, Bankole Adeoye, on behalf of Moussa Faki Mohamat and
on his own behalf, after welcoming the high-level attendants to the
14th Ordinary Meeting of the Specialized Technical committee on Defense,
Safety and Security (STCDSS), seized the opportunity to pay tribute
stating “all AU PSOs personnel that are in the field contributing to the
fight against terrorism and violent extremism from the Horn of Africa
to the Sahel, particularly those that have paid the ultimate price in
the cause of peace.”

Reminding the recent attack on the brave and galant Burundian
forces by the terrorist Al-Shabab group and the need for concerted
effort against terrorist threats, the Commissioner said, “Such instances
point to the dire need for us to remain vigilant and steadfast in our
efforts to prevent and eliminate terrorist threats on the continent”.

The Commissioner reiterated the five key strategic priorities of
the Political Affairs, Peace and Security Department of the AU
Commission and the AU Institutional Reforms including; (1) To
re-energize AU Early warning, Conflict prevention and mediation. (2) To
ensure integral capacity for our PSOs, particularly in the areas of
conflict Management and Resolution. (3). Strengthening Democracy and
Good governance. (4) Inclusive smart partnerships for Human Security.
(5) Strategic coordination and Implementation modalities.

In his remarks, Ambassador Bankole Adeoye further expounded the
key strategic priorities of the PAPS Department that focus on the
promotion of open, democratic and inclusive societies, empowering
resilient communities, improving lives, and supporting socio-economic
development and human security efforts across the continent. This also
includes efforts to strengthen existing capacities for peace operations
and the fight against terrorism and violent extremism.

In light with its current approach, the Commissioner briefed the
six key initiatives taken to reverse emerging patterns of conflicts and
security challenges at the continental, regional and member states level
, among which included is the five AU authorized and mandated Peace
Support Operations (PSOs) in Somalia, Central African Republic, Lake
Chad Basin, Group 5 Sahel Joint Task force (G5 Sahel), and in Mozambique
and the best experiences to be learned from them, Ambassador Bankole
Adeoye stressed.

He recalled the need to continue coordinated collective efforts
to address the current multiple peace and security challenges in the

In the same token, on his part,  Sidiki Kaba, Minister of Defence
of Senegal and Chair of the Meeting of Ministers of the 14th STCDSS,
outlined the need for coordination between African Union and the
RECs/RMs in the utilization of ASF and the need to ensure a
well-equipped ASF for rapid enforcement operations to enhance peace and
security in Africa.

The STCDSS requested the Commission for the African Union
Political Affairs, Peace and Security to expedite the establishment of a
Counter Terrorism Unit within the ASF. The STCDSS also requested the
MSs to continue enhancing their PSO capacities in line with the ASF
Training Directives and requirements for effective response to current
and emerging conflict trends, the African Union reported.

The 14th Specialized Technical Committee on Defense, Safety and
Security Declarations also calls for Member States to ratify the AU
Convention on Cross Border Cooperation, Niamey Convention and the
development of national border policies for Better Integrated Border

Among the way forwards, and “As part of the efforts to address
the scourge of terrorism and Unconstitutional Changes of Government in
Africa, an Extraordinary Summit will be convened in Malabo, Equatorial
Guinea, on 28 May 2022. The Summit is expected to engender actionable
commitments by member states and agree on roles of the RECs/RMs and the
Commission in support of Member States’ efforts to address these
critical issues”.

~Download Pdf
Back to Home

Week In the Horn List ..

A Week in the Horn 5/20/2022
Read More

A Week in the Horn 5/13/2022
Read More

A Week in the Horn 5/6/2022
Read More

A Week in the Horn 4/29/2022
Read More

A Week in the Horn 4/22/2022
Read More


THIS WEEK:   60911
THIS MONTH:   316909
THIS YEAR:   2945227
TOTAL:    6172825
      * Visa Service
      * Document Authentication
      * For Diplomatic Community
      * For Bussiness Community
      * Government E-Services
      * Neighboring Countries
      * African Countries
      * Middle East Countries
      * Asia Countries
      * Europe Countries
      * United State of America