A Week in the Horn 08.04.2022


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News in Brief





Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed lauds agreement between President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar





Diplomats and Leaders of International Organizations in Addis Ababa get briefed about current situations in Ethiopia





A Glimpse at Ethiopia’s participation in DOHA Forum 2022





Ethiopia participates in the 60th parliamentary Assembly of OACPS and the 41st OACPS -EU joint Parliamentary Assembly





On the Joint Report of Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch (Press Statement)





Africa and the African Union





Ministers from the Intergovernmental
Authority on Development (IGAD) Member States whose dockets include the
Blue Economy sectors endorsed the IGAD Blue Economy Strategy (2021-2025)
on Tuesday (April 1), in Addis Ababa. The IGAD Blue Economy Strategy
and its Implementation Plan intend to structure the Blue Economy
implementation at both national and regional levels while increasing
cooperation and regional integration, and strengthening support to the
member states to effectively translate policies into concrete actions.





Ethiopia





President Sahle-Work Zewde received the
credentials of five newly appointed ambassadors to Ethiopia on Wednesday
(April 06). The ambassadors who presented their credentials are from
Cote d’Ivoire, Seychelles, Jordan, Benin, and Congo.





Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed welcomed key
agreement reached by President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar
on Sunday (April 03). “We welcome today’s key agreement reached by
President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar,” Abiy stated. The
premier said Ethiopia stands in solidarity with South Sudan and
continues to stand ready to support efforts towards lasting peace and
development. (See article)





Prime
Minister Abiy Ahmed inaugurated on Saturday (April 02) a book published
in the Amharic language entitled “The Betrayed Northern Command”
authored by Sergeant Gashaye Tenaw. The premier congratulated the author
for writing the book. The book describes the TPLF’s betrayal of the
Northern Command and the campaigns carried out subsequently from the law
enforcement operation to the multinational campaign.





Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen had a
virtual meeting Wednesday (April 06) with Ethiopian Mission leaders in
Europe and Canada and Ethiopian community leaders in the Diaspora on
current situations in the country. The Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister appreciated the multifaceted efforts of Ethiopians in the
Diaspora for standing to protect their country’s interests, mentioning
the #Nomore movement as a case in point. He called on for more vibrant
cooperation between Ethiopian missions and the Ethiopian community in
the diaspora.





Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen received
at his office on Friday (April 01), Dr. Annette Weber, EU Special Envoy
for the Horn of Africa. The two sides discussed current situations in
Ethiopia, particularly the humanitarian issue in the Tigray region and
geopolitical matters of common concern. Discussing the Humanitarian
situation in the Tigray region, the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister said the recently declared Humanitarian truce would address the
humanitarian aid needs of the people in Tigray.





Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Demeke Mekonnen, and the
Minister of Justice, Dr. Gedion Timotheos briefed the Diplomatic
Community and Representatives of International Organizations accredited
to Ethiopia on Thursday (April 07) about the current situation in the
country. The briefing by the two high-level officials covered a wide
range of issues, including national, regional and multilateral matters
that addressed the concerns of the international community. (See article)





A delegation led by Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke
Mekonnen attended the 20th Doha Forum in Qatar which was held under the
theme: “Transforming for a New Era”. The two-day forum draws high-level
government officials and CEOs and deliberated critical global and
regional developments providing clear directional and actionable
recommendations. (See article)





The Ethiopian delegation led by Speaker of the House of Peoples
Representatives, Tagesse Chaffo, on Tuesday (April 05)  has concluded
its mission in partaking in the 60th OACPS and the 41st OACPS-EU Joint
Assemblies. During the two assembly sessions, the Ethiopian delegation
promoted Ethiopia’s position on the issues of shared deliberations, such
as the new Post-Cotonou OACPS-EU partnership agreement, the COVID
Pandemic, and its economic and social impacts, as well as the current
global peace and security situation. (See article)





The Ethiopian Embassy in Berlin celebrated the 126th anniversary of
the Victory of Adwa on Sunday (April 3) virtually in the presence of the
Dean of African Ambassadors’ Group in Berlin, Ethiopia’s Honorary
Consuls in Germany, the Republic of Poland, and the Slovak Republic;
Representatives from Ethiopian Community and Friendship Associations,
and Think Tanks. Ambassador Mulu Solomon Bezuneh, Ethiopian Ambassador
in Germany briefly highlighted the History of the battle of ADWA and its
significant contribution to the struggle and freedom of other African
people and beyond.





Ethiopian Ambassador in Italy, Demitu Hambisa on Saturday (April 02)
called on the Ethiopian Diaspora to positively respond to the Eid-to-Eid
call of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. The Ambassador made the call during a
virtual meeting she had with Ethiopians and people of Ethiopian origins
residing in Malta.





US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken on Saturday (April 02) welcomed
the delivery of humanitarian assistance over recent days to Ethiopians
in the Tigray and Afar regions. “We urge all parties to build upon this
positive step to ensure progress toward a secure, stable, and prosperous
Ethiopia,” the secretary twitted.





The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) disclosed that it
has transported 200 tons of humanitarian aid to the Tigray Regional
State of Ethiopia. The ICRC convoy carrying medical assistance, food,
and water treatment supplies arrived in the Tigray region on Sunday
(April 03), through Afar, it was indicated. A spokesperson for the ICRC,
Fatima Sator told the media trucks carrying 200 tons of food, medical
and water treatment supplies have been delivered to the Tigray region.





The Government of Ethiopia issued a statement on Wednesday (April
06)on the joint Amnesty international and Human Rights Watch report on
alleged crimes and human rights violations committed in Welkait.
Pledging to closely examine the contents of the report, the statement
questioned the political and ethnic undertones of the report. (See Statement)





Eritrea





Eritrean Society organization in Sweden on Monday (April 04) held its
annual meeting under the theme “Successful Society for Victorious
Eritrean Nationalism”. At the meeting in which over 100 representatives
of the Eritrean communities from across Sweden took part, Mr. Yonas
Mana, Charge d’Affairs at the Embassy of Eritrea in the Scandinavian
countries indicated that the ‘Eritrean Society Organization’ has played a
major role in organizing Eritreans and introducing the Eritrean culture
in Sweden called for reinforced effort in highlighting the Eritrean
nationalism.





Kenya





Field marshal Birhanu Jula on Wednesday (March 30) met with General
Robert Kariuki Kibochi, the Chief of the Kenya Defence Forces. They have
agreed to strengthen cooperation in bilateral and regional security
issues, including hosting capacity building training sessions and
sharing experiences in peacekeeping. The two sides noted the need to
exploit opportunities for cooperation and cement longstanding ties
between the two countries. They further pledged to empower East Africa
Standby Force (ESAF) as member states. General Kiboch also expressed his
delight to host Field Marshal Birhanu in Kenya.





Somalia





The UN Security Council on Thursday (March 31) voted unanimously for a
new African Union peacekeeping force in Somalia, where Al-Shabaab
insurgents have been seeking to overthrow the fragile government for
more than a decade. The current African Union Mission in Somalia
(Amisom) is composed of 20,000 soldiers, police and civilians helping
local authorities fight against the jihadist insurgents.





Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo on Thursday (April 06)
dismissed Prime Minister Hussein Roble’s decision to expel an African
Union envoy over misconduct. In a letter dated April 6, PM Roble had
notified the African Union Commission Chairperson that the Somali
Government had declared Mozambican diplomat Francisco Madeira persona
non grata “for engaging in acts that are incompatible with his status”
as representative of the African Union Commission and is ordered to
leave Somalia within 48 hours.





South Sudan





South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and First Vice President Riek
Machar launched public consultations on the reconciliation process in a
sign of good working relations between the two leaders. The process to
establish a Truth, Reconciliation, and Healing (CTRH) Commission as
envisioned in the 2018 peace deal was unveiled in the capital, Juba on
Tuesday (April 05).





Ethiopian Ambassador in South Sudan, Ambassador Nebil Mahdi on
Tuesday (April 05) met with Hon. Gabriel, Changson, Minister of Science
and Higher Education of the Republic of South Sudan. The two sides have
exchanged views on ways of revising agreements between the two countries
in the fields of Higher Education and signing new MOUs. They have also
discussed expanding capacity-building programs for staff and scholarship
opportunities for South Sudanese students in Ethiopia being committed
to enhancing relationships between the two nations.





A delegation from the Ethiopian Electric Authority on Saturday (April
02) held a discussion with Hon. Peter Marcello, Minister of Energy and
Dams of the Republic of South Sudan. Andualem, Deputy CEO of the
Authority, while briefing the Minister, said in the near future
Ethiopia’s green energy capacity will be growing to more than seventy
thousand gigawatts, predominantly utilizing environment friendly
sources. To avoid the challenges of the dry seasons, as well as to make
the energy supply reliable, he said, the Ethiopian Government is
diversifying the energy sources.





Sudan





The President of the Transitional Sovereignty Council (TSC), Gen.
Abdel-Fattah Al-Burhan, met on Tuesday (April 05) in his office at the
Republican Palace, the ambassadors of the Troika countries in Khartoum,
which include the United States of America, Norway and Britain.
Ambassador Lucy Tamlyn, Chargé d’Affaires of the US Embassy in Sudan,
said in a press statement, after the meeting, that the meeting of the
Troika countries with President Al-Burhan was frank and constructive.





The Transitional Sovereignty Council held on Monday (April 04) a
regular meeting at the Republican Palace under the chairmanship of the
council’s President, Gen. Abdul-Fattah Al-Burhan. The council
congratulated at the outset of its meeting the Sudanese people on the
advent of the holy month of Ramadan. In a press statement, the
spokesperson of the council, Dr. Salma Abdul-Jabar said that the council
has heard briefings by the President of the Transitional Sovereignty
Council on the outcome of his visits to Saudi Arabia, the Arab Republic
of Egypt and Chad and his briefings to the leaders of the three
countries on the situation in Sudan.





*******************





Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed lauds agreement between President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar





South Sudan President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar,
signed an agreement on Sunday (April 3), showing further commitment to
abide by the provisions of the 2018 peace agreement. The agreement,
among others, dictates the appointment of the opposition Generals into a
unified command structure within a week and the graduation of Unified
forces within 2 months. According to the new peace agreement, 60% of the
command posts go to Salva Kiir’s camp and 40% to the opposition. The
two sides, in addition to immediately ceasing media propaganda and
hostilities, have agreed to abide by the ceasefire and session of
hostilities agreements and not to encourage, facilitate or motivate the
defections to either side. The terms of the agreement also include
preparations for phase 2 within one month while building trust among the
Presidency.





Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed wrote on his social media pages
welcoming the key agreement reached by President Salva Kiir and Vice
President Riek Machar. He said: “Ethiopia stands in solidarity with
South Sudan and continues to stand ready to support efforts towards
lasting peace and development.” Earlier to the signing of the agreement,
Prime Minister Abiy had sent a delegation led by the Minister of
Justice, Dr. Abraham Belay to deliberate his concerns over news stories
that seemed to further stall the implementation of the 2018 peace
agreement between President Salva Kiir and the oppositions.





In conveying Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s messages to the President of
South Sudan, Abraham Belay expressed Ethiopia’s concerns, as a friendly
country, regarding the issues observed lately over the implementation
of South Sudan’s Peace Deal further affirming his country’s commitment
to providing all the necessary support for the successful implementation
of the deal. President Salva Kiir, on his part, appreciated the
unwavering stance of Ethiopia to support peace and stability efforts in
South Sudan further extending appreciation for Prime Minister Abiy
Ahmed’s concern and Initiative to send a delegation to South Sudan. The
issue observed recently in the country has roots in the complex nature
of the implementation of the Peace Deal, the President said, reaffirming
the proper handling of the case. President Kiir also briefed the
Ethiopian delegation about the current state of the implementation of
the peace deal. The Office of the President, later on, issued a
statement indicating that the President had, “a solution-oriented
meeting with Dr. Abraham Belay, Ethiopian Minister of Defense,” where
the minister delivered Prime Minister Abiy’s message that discussed
“issues of bilateral relations, regional security, and development”.





Dr. Abraham also had a meeting with First Vice President Riek Machar
as part of the Ethiopian delegation’s effort to seek first-hand
information on the challenges facing the implementation of the
revitalized peace agreement and the progress made so far.  The First
Vice President appreciated Ethiopia’s role in bringing about the South
Sudanese Peace Deal and called on Ethiopia to continue its support for
the success of the deal. The First Vice President Press Unit, later on,
issued a statement on the meeting of Machar and the Ethiopian
Delegation: “Dr. Abraham Belay pledged the government of Ethiopia’s
readiness to continue supporting the implementation of the agreement and
working hand in hand with the South Sudan government to strengthen the
bilateral ties between Juba and Addis Ababa.”





The Ethiopian delegation, which was accompanied by the Ethiopian
Ambassador to South Sudan, Ambassador Nebil Mahdiai, also met and
discussed with Tat Gatluak, President Kiir’s security advisor and
Angelina Teny, the Minister of Defense of South Sudan.





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Diplomats and Leaders of International Organizations in Addis Ababa get briefed about current situations in Ethiopia





Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Demeke Mekonnen, and the
Minister of Justice, Dr. Gedion Timotheos briefed the Diplomatic
Community and Representatives of International Organizations accredited
to Ethiopia on Thursday (April 07) about the current situation in the
country. The briefing by the two high-level officials covered a wide
range of issues, including national, regional and multilateral matters
that addressed the concerns of the international community.





In this framework, the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister
mentioned the recently declared humanitarian truce and subsequent
measures taken to allow unfettered access to humanitarian aid to the
Tigray region as manifestations of Ethiopia’s commitment to end the
conflict peacefully. He said humanitarian issues should not be bound by
preconditions and political interests further calling on the
international community to expedite support in this regard and put
pressure on the TPLF to reciprocate appropriately. Speaking more on the
peace initiatives of the government, he said Ethiopia has continued to
be committed to the peace efforts of the African Union Commission
Chairperson High Representative, Olusegun Obasanjo.





Regarding the Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch’s joint
report, he reaffirmed the government’s position to closely examine the
matter further stressing the unacceptable political contents of the
report which went beyond the mandates of the organizations.





Calling for the resumption of the trilateral negotiations of the
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister underscored Ethiopia’s unwavering commitment to engaging in the
AU-led process.





The two officials have also expressed Ethiopia’s reservation over the
decision of the UN Human Rights body to conduct another investigation
into human rights violations in Tigray disregarding Ethiopia’s
willingness to implement the recommendations of the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Ethiopian
Human Rights Commission (EHRC) joint investigation. Adding on this the
Minister of Justice reiterated the establishment of the
Inter-ministerial Taskforce following the publication of the Joint
Investigation by the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission and the UN Office
of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. The newly proposed
investigation also undermines the institutional independence of the
Ethiopian Human Rights Commission besides wasting time and financial
resources through duplications of efforts, the two officials said.





*******************





A Glimpse at Ethiopia’s participation in DOHA Forum 2022





The DOHA Forum, which has been around for 20 years, is an
international forum that brings together people from all over the world
to discuss pressing global issues, stimulate idea exchange, and make
concrete recommendations.





DOHA Forum 2022, with the theme “Transforming for a New Era,” held a
series of debates on geopolitical alignments and international
relations, the financial system and economic development, defense,
cybersecurity, and food security, as well as sustainability and climate
change.





The two-day summit was officially opened by a keynote speech by
Qatar’s Emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, which highlighted some of
the world’s most immediate problems, including refugee crises caused by
wars and income disparity, Afghanistan, and Qatar’s diplomatic mission.





“The new age we dream of – and one I personally work for – is the era
of peace, security, and coexistence for all,” he said. “[It is] the era
of social justice, the era where all people can access their basic
needs, education, health, water resources and live with dignity where
they can fulfill themselves and exercise their lifestyle and culture.”





The Transitioning to a New Era session also discussed the shock faced
by the global economy during the coronavirus pandemic, which
necessitated the need for leaders and policymakers to come together to
develop political innovations aimed at saving most lives and avoiding
permanent damage. As for the Climate Dialogue: Finance session, the
discourse revolved around more than $3 trillion to mitigate the effects
of global warming, especially on the poorest and most vulnerable
communities.





Ethiopia sent a delegation to the forum, led by Deputy Prime Minister
and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen, at the invitation of Mohammed bin
Abdulrahman Al-Thani, Qatar’s Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister. On the sidelines of the meeting, Deputy Prime Minister and
Foreign Minister Demeke met with representatives from several countries
and leaders of international organizations.





In this context, he met with Khalifa Jassim Al-Kuwari, the
Director-General of the Qatar Fund for Development, which handles
Qatar’s foreign aid and international development initiatives. Demeke
praised the Qatar Development Fund’s extensive socioeconomic assistance
to Ethiopia, which he said has greatly improved diplomatic relations
between the two countries. The discussion between the two sides also
included updates on the construction of a specialized kidney-care
hospital in Addis Ababa which was pledged to be financed by Qatar Fund
for Development.





The Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister also provided a wide
range of information on Ethiopia’s vast investment potential in
agriculture, mining, technology, manufacturing, and services, which
Qatari investors would be interested in. On his part, the director
general indicated that Ethiopia is on the path to growth and that the
Qatar Development Fund will continue to engage positively in a variety
of sectors.





The Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister also met
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu to discuss bilateral relations
and current issues to further cement friendly relations between
Ethiopia and Turkey.  Demeke also expounded on the encouraging steps the
government has been taking to maintain peace and security in the
country. To this end, he mentioned the commencement of an all-inclusive
national dialogue aimed at addressing key issues.





The Turkish counterpart lauded the declaration of indefinite
humanitarian truce by the Ethiopian government and expressed that
Turkish-Ethiopia relations are continuing to blossom, particularly since
Abiy Ahmed’s visit to Turkey last year.





Following the forum’s success, the deputy prime minister met with
Ethiopian community leaders in Qatar as well as Qatari business groups
currently investing in Ethiopia.





*******************





Ethiopia participates in the 60th parliamentary Assembly of OACPS and the 41st OACPS -EU joint Parliamentary Assembly





A high-level delegation of Ethiopia led by Tagesse Chaffo, Speaker of
the House of the FDRE, has taken part in the 60th Parliamentary
Assembly of the Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States
(OACPS) which was officially launched on March 31, 2022, in Strasbourg,
France. Ethiopia is the founding member of the OACPS- constituting 79
member countries with its Secretariat based in Brussels.





The OACPS Assembly had kicked off its meeting by deliberating on the
outcomes of the various committee meetings that dwelt on the status of
peace and security issues in the region, ways and means to collaborate
in managing the adverse impacts of the COVID pandemic, and strengthening
the stature of the OACPS to make it fit for purpose to the current
global reality.





House Speaker Tagesse Chafo has expressed Ethiopia’s unwavering
stance in playing its part in strengthening the institutional capacity
of OACPS to make it fit for purpose, efficient, independent and a
visible actor in the multilateral fora. He also pointed out important
items that would enrich the Rules of Procedure of the OACPS EU joint
parliamentary assembly under revision.





In the preparatory sessions of the political committee held ahead of
the assembly, Dima Nego (Phd), Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Standing
Committee of the House of Representatives took the opportunity to
explain to the members of the assembly the current situation in Ethiopia
and create understanding and support to our cause.





Following the 60th parliamentary Assembly of OACPS, the 41st session
of the Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (#OACPS)
and the European Union Joint Parliamentary Assembly was officially
opened on 1st April 2022, in Strasbourg, France.





In her opening remarks, President of the European Parliament Roberta
Metsola underlined that the parliamentary cooperation between Europe and
the OACPS, which is based on mutual respect, democracy promotion and
rule of law would further continue under the new Post-Cotonou
Partnership Agreement.





Ethiopian Parliament House Speaker, in addition to taking part in the
opening ceremony, has delivered an intervention on the need to expedite
the ratification of the Post Cotonou Agreement. He also stated the
importance of creating a consultation mechanism in the implementation
phase for ascertaining ownership.





The Summit deliberated political and security issues among the
members of OACPS and European countries, the new post-Cotonou agreement,
the COVID pandemic, and its global economic and social impacts, as well
as climate change and other global issues of mutual concern.





During the two assembly sessions, the Ethiopian delegation promoted
Ethiopia’s position on the issues of shared deliberations, such as the
new Post-Cotonou OACPS-EU partnership agreement, the COVID Pandemic, and
its economic and social impacts, as well as the current global peace
and security situation. The delegation also familiarised participants
with the current situation in Ethiopia during the sessions of the
Political Committee of the OACPS, as well as through the range of
bilateral meetings that House Speaker Tagesse Chaffo and Chairman of the
Foreign Affairs Standing Committee Dima Noggo (Ph.D.) had, with various
EU and OACPS parliamentarians.





The participation of the Ethiopian delegation had made it possible to
forge common positions on mutual interests with the OACPS-EU member
countries. The Ethiopian delegation also helped make genuine reflections
on matters of peace and security in Ethiopia, including development and
reconstruction efforts.





The 41st Session of the OACPS-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly ended up deciding to hold its next session in Mozambique.





*******************





On the Joint Report of Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch (Press Statement)





The Government of Ethiopia will carefully examine the content of
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch’s report on allegedly
committed crimes in Welkait. A cursory look at the report indicates that
it covers sensitive political changes in the country, peace and
security, and internal boundary matters, in addition to so-called
findings on grave allegations of human rights. It makes allegations of
ethnic cleansing, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.





The Government of Ethiopia is committed to holding accountable all
those responsible for violations of human rights and humanitarian law.
It is for this reason the Government established the Inter-ministerial
Taskforce following the publication of the Joint Investigation by the
Ethiopian Human Rights Commission and the UN Office of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights. The Taskforce has held its second meeting
today issuing various directives to expedite the investigation process.
The investigating teams will closely examine this report and give it
due consideration.





The Government, however, questions the validity of numerous political
matters the two organizations felt necessary or in their remit to
address. Firstly, matters of internal boundaries are dealt with by
constitutionally mandated bodies. It is unwise for the activist
organizations to pass judgments on such matters. They would know their
report will now be used for political purposes. This attitude is
certainly not acceptable. They failed to exercise due diligence.





The Government is also concerned about the ethnic undertones of the
report that seem to apportion blame disproportionally while trying to
exculpate others. This fuels hatred and makes reconciliation and healing
more difficult. Responsibility is individual. All those responsible for
the alleged violations will be held accountable. Sensational and
journalistic reporting discredits the bulky report. Simply blaming one
group does not serve the cause of human rights and peace. Other
weaknesses in the report are also very apparent. They rely largely on
alleged testimonies from certain groups.  The Government investigation
team will examine this report despite such fatal weakness and unfair
attack against the gallant forces of ENDF and allied forces.





This report comes after the indefinite humanitarian truce came into
effect and aid has started to flow to the Tigray region. The Government
expressed hope that this will lay the foundation for genuine efforts to
end the conflict peacefully. The report unfortunately strays into making
recommendations unhelpful for any peace effort. Nonetheless, the
Government reiterates its commitment to seriously examine all
allegations of violations of human rights and humanitarian law and make
its findings public.




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